Avena sativa plant, better known as the oat plant, has been used for centuries as both a food and a herb. It is the green leafy parts of the oat plant which are used to make our Avena sativa tincture, rather than oat grain which is commonly used as food. Avena sativa herb contains a number of plant chemicals including a substance known as gramine. The amount of these plant substances is highest just as the Avena sativa plant is about to break into flower and the seeds begin to form. We use freshly harvested, organically grown Avena sativa to produce this tincture. Ingredients: Tincture of organically grown fresh aerial parts of Avena sativa (oats), extracted in alcohol (51%V/V). Directions: Adults: 20 drops 2 or 3 times daily in a little water. Children (2-12 years): 1 drop per year of age twice daily in a little water. Do not exceed stated recommended daily dose. Please seek medical advice if pregnant. Keep out of reach and sight of children. Food Supplement Food supplements should not be used as a substitute for a varied and balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle.